Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2022

It doesn’t allow you to code conditional statements, functions, or work with data and variables. It’s one of the most fun and creative programming languages to work with, because you will most often find several ways to solve a specific problem. This means you can dedicate more time to learning what programming is all about and learn the basics of coding in general. Python is easy to learn because it reads almost like English. So, you don’t have to spend that much time understanding how the language itself works, since it’s so intuitive and clean.

C# is best suited for applications on Windows, Android, and iOS, as it takes the help of the integrated development environment product, Microsoft Visual C++. C# is used on the back end of several popular websites like Bing, Dell, Visual Studio, and MarketWatch.

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C is still very popular due to its use in systems development, including operating systems, embedded devices, and as firmware. The C standard library has been ported to many platforms, so it is viable in many use cases.

programming languages and their uses

F. Hartley of University of Cambridge Mathematical Laboratory in 1961. A contemporary but separate thread of development, Atlas Autocode was developed for the University of Manchester Atlas 1 machine. The description of a programming language is usually split into the two components of syntax and semantics , which are usually defined by a formal language.

Standard library and run-time system

If you develop database-driven applications using the .NET framework, then you need ADO.NET. XML is a highly structured markup language that is designed to be both human and machine readable. Scala is a relatively new language — more or less a new and better Java. It’s a great language for Java programmers who want to be more efficient, or people just starting out who want to learn a powerful language that won’t limit them in the future. SAS is a specialized language designed to analyze statistical data. For people who have a lot of data they need to make sense of, SAS is an obvious choice.

  • Besides, the functionality of it is greatly extendable to provide scalability to the projects.
  • It is not difficult to use thanks to its logical and consistent syntactical structure.
  • Ruby is known for having one of the most friendly and widespread coding communities.
  • It is suitable for systems programming in some cases, and has libraries available for embedded systems.
  • It allows programmers to develop applications for multiple computing platforms without much extra work.
  • SQL is the Structured Query Language, a language used to communicate with Relational Database Management Systems .
  • JVMs are available for most major operating systems, including Linux, Mac, and Windows.

Object Pascal is an object-oriented derivative of Pascal, which was developed in the late 1960s. Python jobs are very plentiful, so it’s easy to find a job using Python. PHP was released in 1995 as a server-side scripting language, which is processed on a server to become a website in plain HTML. Objective-C is a simple, general-purpose and object-oriented language.

Future of Programming

Ruby is continuously growing in popularity amongst educational outlets too, as many different coding educational platforms now specialize on both Ruby and Ruby on Rails framework. It has been already implemented in a number of essential initiatives in various organizations. PHP is often used in conjunction with dynamic data-heavy websites and app development. It provides a ton of power and is the beating heart of monster sites like WordPress and Facebook.

What are the 5 main programming languages?

  • Python. This is a high-level and general-purpose language that focuses on code readability.
  • Java.
  • JavaScript.
  • C and C++
  • SQL.

It was introduced in 1991 by Sun Microsystems as a high-level, compiled, memory-managed language. C# helps developers create XML web services and Microsoft .NET-connected applications for Windows operating systems and the internet. Java is used to develop enterprise-level applications for video games and mobile apps, as well as to create web-based applications with JSP . When used online, Java allows applets to be downloaded and used through a browser, which can then perform a function not normally available. There are dozens of programming languages used in the industry today. We’ve compiled overviews of the 12 most important, relevant and in-demand of these languages below. Familiarize yourself with the 12 most common computer programming languages, including HTML, Ruby and PHP.

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Assembly code is most useful when performance is the most important goal. It is used for very low-level systems programming, or in some cases may be combined with application code for a performance boost. Jobs that require knowledge of assembly will include systems programming and hardware development. If you want to focus on software development for the Apple ecosystem, it’s a good idea to pick up both Objective-C and Swift. This will give you the ability to work on older applications written in Objective-C, and write new applications in Swift. The promise of Java, beyond memory management, was its cross-platform capability.

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  • The standard was supposed to be released in 1997, but was not finalized until 2002.
  • If the type declaration on the first line were omitted, the program would trigger an error on undefined variable p during compilation.
  • It’s great for a learning challenge, and there are jobs out there that use it, but it’s probably not a good idea to stake a career on it.
  • These served to make the program much more human-readable and relieved the programmer of tedious and error-prone address calculations.

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