python API Design Questions using Django for OS tasks REST vs RPC

✅ DO raise an exception if the method call failed to accomplish the user specified task. This includes both situations where the service actively responded with a failure as well as when no response was received. The method should parse the connection string and pass the values along with any additional keyword-only arguments except credential to the constructor. Only provide a from_connection_string factory method if the Azure portal exposes a connection string for your service. Service-agnostic concepts such as logging, HTTP communication, and error handling should be consistent.

python api design

API versioning is a wonderful article on the tradeoffs between including an API version in the URL compared to other common ways to version APIs. 8 Open-Source Frameworks for Building APIs in Pythonpresents a high-level overview of the options for building APIs in Python. Runscope is an API testing SaaS application that can test both your own APIs and external APIs that your application relies upon. Pycnic is a JSON-API-only framework designed with REST in mind. Hug built on-top of Falcon and Python3 with an aim to make developing Python driven APIs as simple as possible, but no simpler.

x Client Error (NOK)

Simply put, it takes care of the heavy lifting of converting to JSON format for us. The Flask package that we are installing is a web micro-framework. It is extremely lightweight and allows us to build a web service with just a few lines of code. In fact, with this recipe sharing platform, you can see the majority of the actions we require will revolve around CREATE, READ, UPDATE, and DELETE. This is generally true for all other web applications as well. In a nutshell, CRUD models the life cycle of database record management. An API is also a standard interface that can communicate with different types of frontend Terminals, they can be mobile applications or websites.

What is Python web API?

An API, or Application Programming Interface, facilitates communication between two pieces of software. It lets you retrieve and send data using code. We mostly commonly use APIs to retrieve data, and that will be the focus of this beginner-friendly tutorial.

And as we construct our RESTful API, we need to comply with the HTTP protocol. The status code helps the frontend client understand the status of their request, that is, whether it is a success or failure. For example, there could be a client request about creating a record in the backend database. In that case, once the database record has been successfully created, the server should return an HTTP status code 201 . If there is an error , the server should return an HTTP status code 400 instead. Flask is a web framework that we can use to easily build a web application.

Characteristics of a Good API

Service-specific error information must be available in service-specific properties or fields. ☑️ YOU SHOULD prefer raising existing exception types from the azure-core package over creating new exception types. Data within the model type can generally be split into two parts – data used to support one of the champion scenarios for the service, and less important data. Given a type Foo, the less important details can be gathered in a type called FooDetails and attached to Foo as the details attribute. For example, Azure Storage provides an account that contains zero or more containers, which in turn contains zero or more blobs. ⚠️ YOU SHOULD NOT expose a continuation parameter in the list_ client method – this is supported in the by_page() function. The logical entity is a protocol neutral representation of a response.

It claims to reduce 40% of bugs generated by developer errors in the code and it can minimize the duplication of code. Flask Restful is a Python-based micro-framework used by developers to make micro web services. It has a very lightweight module which makes it easy to build and implement APIs quickly. With just a few lines of code, you are ready to initialize Flask and start using it to create your API. Lessons and labs focus on using Python to interact, design, and build APIs for the purposes of scripting automated solutions to complex tasks.

HTTP Status Codes

Each dictionary is a phone book entry consisting of two keys, name and number, each paired with a value that provides the actual information. Now that we have a running Flask application and know a little about what Flask does, we’re finally ready to implement a small API with data that we’ll define right in our application. Remember that you can provide both a data dump and an API, and individual users may find one or the other to better match their use case. Open Library, for example, provides both a data dump and an API, each of which serves different use cases for different users.

  • Now, imagine you are a software engineer at Skyscanner who is responsible for developing an API.
  • They can be sent to the service and retrieved from the service .
  • An API is also a standard interface that can communicate with different types of frontend Terminals, they can be mobile applications or websites.
  • Client parameters aren’t passed directly to the service, but used within the client library to fulfill the request.
  • It features a non-blocking network I/O that enables numerous simultaneous connections.
  • It supports automatic URL routing and features multiple in-built authentication policies.
  • This section will show you how to build a prototype API using Python and the Flask web framework.

✅ DO use the same name for the asynchronous version of the package as the synchronous version of the package with -aio appended. ✅ DO use an .aio suffix added to the namespace of the sync client for async clients.

Designing Requests

Python is a flexible language that can be used for much more than just script development. By knowing the Python RESTful APIs work, you can build a powerful backend for web applications and mobile applications using Python. Relational databases allow for the storage and retrieval of data, which is stored in tables. Before building more functionality into our application, let’s reflect on some of the API design decisions that we’ve made so far. Two aspects of a good API are usability and maintainability, and as we build more functionality into our API, we’ll be keeping many of the following considerations in mind.

  • Note that the instructions in that tutorial are for installing Python 2—make sure you choose Python 3 when downloading installers from the Python website, since this tutorial uses Python 3.
  • As the transactions list deals with instances of Transaction and its subclasses, we just added the new Income in that list.
  • Being WSGI compliant, Falcon is compatible with multiple servers and platforms, and it comes with a built-in server and debugger.
  • He has been a self-taught developer for many years and knows what is the most efficient way to learn a new skill.
  • You’ll take your first steps by building a simple API and learning how the frontend web interface can communicate with the backend.
  • If your namespace includes underscores, replace them with dash (-) in the distribution package name.
  • This can be in your Desktop folder, but I recommend creating a dedicated projects folder for this and similar projects.

Your users will need to perform actions other than retrieve data, such as contributing, updating, or deleting data. Your users only need access to a part of the data at any one time. Your data set is large, making download via FTP unwieldy or resource-intensive. This will install Flask using the pip package manager for Python. You should see some output ending in a notification that Flask has been installed successfully. Donations to freeCodeCamp go toward our education initiatives, and help pay for servers, services, and staff.

Exercise 4: Automated Testing Using Postman

201 Created means the POST request has been successful and a record has been created. JavaScript Object Notation is a simple plaintext format that is capable of representing complex data structures.

You’ll take your first steps by building a simple API and learning how the frontend web interface can communicate with the backend. You’ll also learn how to serialize and deserialize objects using the marshmallow library. Then, you’ll learn how to authenticate and authorize users using Flask-JWT. You’ll also learn how to enhance your APIs by adding useful features, such as email, image upload, searching, and pagination. You’ll wrap up the whole book by deploying your APIs to the cloud.

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