How the web works Learn web development MDN

The Web server returns the page to the IP address specified by the browser requesting the page. The page may also contain links to other files on the same server, such as images, which the browser will also request. If you host your website on a server and register a domain, then a user can access your website! They type your domain into the browser, which sends a request to your server. Then they can access the HTML code on the server and translate it into a web page that they can interact with. Earlier we used the term “packets” to describe the format in which the data is sent from server to client.

how do web pages work

The reason that the web server knows how to map files to URL, is that the web adminstrator set it up that way. What that means to you and me, is that we need to contact the almighty superuser to create a web address. If the web address is already created, and we have permissions to write in the folder, we can create sub-webs by ourselves. For example, in this class you will create a web page in your home directory. Once that main web address set up, then you can create as many sub-webs in the at folder as you might like.

Elements of a Webpage

If you already have a site, then please feel free to share your experience with us. Another way to get a website is by hiring a web developer or web development company to create it for you.

  • In addition, you can visit most websites via “” or just “”.
  • A user enters a URL into a browser (for example, This request is passed to a domain name server.
  • First of all, a website is made of a set of code or programming languages.
  • Servers are computers that store webpages, sites, or apps.
  • In order to request a web page, a browser must follow a network protocol, a set of rules for how data should be transfered.
  • The browser knows how to parse HTML and now simply goes through the entire response data (also called “the response body”) to render the website.

Such websites are called one-page websites or single-page websites. Blog – This page features the list of the most recent articles or news published by the website. Whereas some websites are full-fledged blog websites.

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You might’ve had cases where a PDF opened in your browser. That happened because the response informed the browser that the data is not a website but a PDF document instead. And the browser tries to pick the best handling mechanism for any data type it detects. The server then handles the request appropriately and returns a so called “response”. Again, a “response” is a technical thing and kind of similar to a “request”. You could say it’s basically a “request” in the opposite direction. In reality, you also often enter “” or anything like that.

The server should constantly be connected to the Internet, ready to serve pages to visitors. When it receives a request, it looks for the requested document and returns it to the Web browser. When a request is made, the server usually logs the client’s IP address, the document requested, and the date and time it was requested. Although you will be asked to create only a few html pages for this course, you should think about the structure while you are building your site. Typically, a site is designed such that in the root folder, there is html dedicated only to the “front page” or introduction to your site. For each topic, it is best to create a subfolder in which all html dedicated to that topic lives. The standard is to put all non-html related in a folder within that folder, called “assets”.

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Just like a physical ‘site’ on land where you make a house and live, you make a website on the web and your information lives on it. For example, is a website and you’re currently viewing a web page on it with the help of the internet. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

We’ll explain blog vs website differences in the next section below. They’re the 2 most essential things you need to create a website. A website works when these two things work together.

F. Static vs. Dynamic Websites

In the early days, people started blogging as a personal diary where they shared their daily life activities. Over time, blogging has become popular for sharing ideas on various topics like education, health care, business, fitness, tech, motivation, etc. About us page – It contains general information about the individual, organization, or business that manages the website. It may also include information about the history or timeline of the organization’s journey. As stated above, a website is a set of interconnected webpages grouped under a domain name. Whereas a web page is any single page on the website.

how do web pages work

They allow you to create websites easily and at a much more affordable price. No matter what scale your business is, having a website is super important nowadays. That goes without saying, most of do online research before buying anything. For more information, see our detailed article on what is a blog. Some people seem to find it a little uneasy to distinguish between blogs and websites.

How do Websites Process Information and Serve Users?

If you want to create a site with self-hosted WordPress (, then you’ll need to install WordPress on a hosting account and set up your site. But thankfully, there’re many beginner-friendly website platforms like WordPress available nowadays.

  • We will be thinking in terms of Unix servers, but it works pretty much the same way for PC servers too .
  • Using this protocol hypertext is transferred from server to browser.
  • As the name suggests, Dynamic webpages are dynamic, which means it shows different information at different point of time.
  • When a request is made, the server usually logs the client’s IP address, the document requested, and the date and time it was requested.
  • Although you will be asked to create only a few html pages for this course, you should think about the structure while you are building your site.
  • The assets folder is usually filled primarily with images.

An internet connection − This is provided by an ISP and connects you to the internet to reach to any Website. I have a computer, and it’s equipped with a web browser. Considering it’s something almost all of us use daily, for many of us the internet can still be a bit of a mystery. The domain name is effectively an alias of the server’s much hard to remember numeric Internet Protocol address. In the example above, the domain name is for California State University-Northridge’s server. Finally, the layout are displayed in browser window, a process called “painting”. For each render tree element, layout are created with the geometry.

There are links on the home page that direct you to internal pages with more detailed information. Namecheap Domain Registration Service ProviderSo, every website on the internet has a web address that locates the position of the website. If you want to learn more, you can see our article on types of websites with examples. You need to enter a web address on the address bar of the web browser of your device.

How does the Web works step by step?

The browser sends an HTTP request message to the server, asking it to send a copy of the website to the client (you go to the shop and order your goods). This message, and all other data sent between the client and the server, is sent across your internet connection using TCP/IP.

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